This article aims at deepening the understanding of how central governments enact meta-governance. Drawing on meta-governance and policy network theory, a heuristic analytical framework of meta-governance strategies was applied to two contrasting Dutch education policy cases. The results show that the use of meta-governance strategies differs according to the degree of formal responsibility of the central government. Creating nodes in a policy network turns out to be a specific strategy, and the effectiveness of different meta-governance strategies is interrelated. Lastly, the lack of involvement in education practice impinges on the adequacy of meta-governance practice.
Hooge, E.H., Theisens, H.C. & Waslander, S. (2021). The many shapes and sizes of meta-governance. En empirical study of strategies applied by a well-advanced meta-governor: the case of Dutch central government in education. Public Management Review, DOI: 10.1080/14719037.2021.1916063